LOY D3 60K
Composition Vitamin D3 60,000 IU Soft gel capsules
Indication DEFICEINCY OF VITAMIN D3
Mechanism of Action

Vit D : may have anti-osteoporotic, immunomodulatory, anticarcinogenic, antipsoriatic, antioxidant & mood-modulatory activities. Along with parathyroid hormone & calcitonin, regulate serum calcium conc.

Pharmacokinetic's

Onset: Slow.

Duration: Relatively prolonged duration of action.

Absorption: Well absorbed from the GI tract. Presence of bile is essential for adequate intestinal absorption. Hence absorption may be decreased in patients with decreased fat absorption.

Distribution: Bound to a specific α-globulin. Can be stored in adipose & muscle tissue for long periods of time. Slowly released from storage sites & skin where it is formed in the presence of sunlight or uv light. May distribute into breast milk.

Metabolism: Hydroxylated in the liver by the enzyme vitamin D 25-hydroxylase to form 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (calcifediol). Further hydroxylated in the kidneys by the enzyme vitamin D1-hydroxylase to form the active metabolites 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (calcitriol). Further metabolism also occurs in the kidneys, including the formation of the 1,24,25-trihydroxy derivatives.

Excretion: Mainly in the bile & faeces with only small amounts appearing in urine.

Side effects

Hyperphosphataemia or hypercalcaemia (in excessive intake). Associated effects of hypercalcaemia include hypercalciuria, ectopic calcification, & renal & CV damage.

Drug interaction

Increased risk of hypercalcaemia if given with thiazide diuretics, calcium or phosphate. Antiepileptics (e.g. carbamazepine, phenobarbitone, phenytoin &primidone) may increase vitamin D requirements. Rifampicin & isoniazid may reduce efficacy of vitamin D. Corticosteroids may counteract the effect of vitamin D. Digoxin or any cardiac glycoside. Reduced absorption when taken with cholestyramine, colestipol, mineral oil, orlistat. Ketoconazole.

Precaution

Vitamin D : Excessive intake may lead to development of hyperphosphataemia or hypercalcaemia. Infants, renal impairment or calculi, heart disease. Monitor plasma phosphate & calcium level. Pregnancy, lactation.

Dosage

Nutritional deficiency

Adult: 10 mcg (400 units) daily.